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Polymer Matrix Composites Materials Handbook, Volume 2

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Engineering Materials

Composites Materials Handbook, Volume 2
Polymer Matrix Composites
Materials Properties

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Composites Materials Handbook, Volume 2

Introduction:

The standardization of a statistically-based mechanical property data base, procedures used, and overall material guidelines for characterization of composite material systems is recognized as being beneficial to both manufacturers and governmental agencies. It is also recognized that a complete characterization of the capabilities of any engineering material system is primarily dependent on the inherent material physical and chemical composition which precede, and are independent of, specific applications. Therefore, at the material system characterization level, the data and guidelines contained in this handbook are applicable to military and commercial products and provide the technical basis for establishing statistically valid design values acceptable to certificating or procuring agencies.

TOC

CHAPTER 1 GENERAL INFORMATION............................................................................................. 1
1.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF VOLUME 2 .................................................................................. 1
1.3 ORGANIZATION OF DATA IN HANDBOOK.............................................................................. 2
1.3.1 Fiber properties................................................................................................................ 2
1.3.2 Matrix properties .............................................................................................................. 2
1.3.3 Composite properties....................................................................................................... 2
1.4 PRESENTATION OF DATA........................................................................................................ 3
1.4.1 Data set description ......................................................................................................... 3
1.4.2 Summary tables............................................................................................................... 4
1.4.3 Individual data tables - normalized data .........................................................................11
1.4.4 Individual data tables - unnormalized data .................................................................... 14
1.4.5 Individual data tables - notched laminate data .............................................................. 14
1.4.6 Individual data tables - bearing data.............................................................................. 15
1.4.7 Individual data tables - bearing/bypass data ................................................................. 15
1.5 MATERIALS SYSTEMS........................................................................................................... 20
1.5.1 Materials system codes ................................................................................................. 20
1.5.2 Index of materials .......................................................................................................... 20
1.6 MATERIAL ORIENTATION CODES......................................................................................... 20
1.6.1 Laminate orientation codes............................................................................................ 20
1.6.2 Braiding orientation codes ............................................................................................. 22
1.7 SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND SYSTEMS OF UNITS.................................................... 22
1.7.1 Symbols and abbreviations............................................................................................ 22
1.7.1.1 Constituent properties ........................................................................................ 27
1.7.1.2 Laminae and laminates ...................................................................................... 28
1.7.1.3 Subscripts........................................................................................................... 29
1.7.1.4 Superscripts ....................................................................................................... 29
1.7.1.5 Acronyms ........................................................................................................... 30
1.7.2 System of units .............................................................................................................. 32
1.8 DEFINITIONS.......................................................................................................................... 33
REFERENCES .................................................................................................................................. 55
CHAPTER 2 FIBER PROPERTIES...................................................................................................... 1
2.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
2.2 CARBON FIBERS...................................................................................................................... 1
2.3 ARAMID FIBERS ....................................................................................................................... 1
2.4 GLASS FIBERS ......................................................................................................................... 1
2.5 BORON FIBERS........................................................................................................................ 1
2.6 ALUMINA FIBERS ..................................................................................................................... 1
2.7 SILICON CARBIDE FIBERS...................................................................................................... 1
2.8 QUARTZ FIBERS....................................................................................................................... 1
CHAPTER 3 MATRIX PROPERTIES................................................................................................... 1
3.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
3.2 EPOXIES................................................................................................................................... 1
3.2.1 General Characteristics ................................................................................................... 1
3.2.2 Index of Supplies, Designations, and Abbreviations ....................................................... 1
3.3 POLYESTERS........................................................................................................................... 1
3.4 PHENOLICS.............................................................................................................................. 1
3.5 SILICONES ............................................................................................................................... 1
3.6 BISMALEIMIDES ....................................................................................................................... 1
3.7 POLYBENZIMIDAZOLES .......................................................................................................... 1
3.8 POLYIMIDES, THERMOSET..................................................................................................... 1
3.9 POLYETHERETHERKETONES ................................................................................................ 1
3.10 POLYPHENYLENE SULFIDES ................................................................................................. 1
3.11 POLYETHERIMIDES ................................................................................................................. 1
3.12 POLYSULFONES...................................................................................................................... 1
3.13 POLYAMIDE-IMIDES ................................................................................................................. 1
3.14 POLYIMIDES, THERMOPLASTICS .......................................................................................... 1
CHAPTER 4 CARBON FIBER COMPOSITES.................................................................................... 1
4.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
4.2 CARBON - EPOXY COMPOSITES ........................................................................................... 1
4.2.1 T-500 12k/976 unidirectional tape.................................................................................... 1
4.2.2 HITEX 33 6k/E7K8 unidirectional tape ............................................................................ 6
4.2.3 AS4 12k/E7K8 unidirectional tape ................................................................................. 15
4.2.4 Celion 12k/E7K8 unidirectional tape.............................................................................. 24
4.2.5 AS4 12k/938 unidirectional tape.................................................................................... 33
4.2.6 T-300 3k/934 plain weave fabric .................................................................................... 41
4.2.7 Celion 12k/938 unidirectional tape................................................................................. 53
4.2.8 AS4 12k/3502 unidirectional tape.................................................................................. 63
4.2.9 Celion 3000/E7K8 plain weave fabric............................................................................ 78
4.2.10 HITEX 33 6k/E7K8 plain weave fabric........................................................................... 93
4.2.11 AS4 3k/E7K8 plain weave fabric ................................................................................. 105
4.2.12 AS4/3501-6 (bleed) unidirectional tape ........................................................................110
4.2.13 AS4/3501-6 (no bleed) unidirectional tape .................................................................. 120
4.2.14 AS4 3k/3501-6 plain weave fabric ............................................................................... 129
4.2.15 AS4 3k/3501-6S 5-harness satin weave fabric............................................................ 138
4.2.16 AS4 6k/3502-6S 5-harness satin weave fabric............................................................ 144
4.2.17 T-300 15k/976 unidirectional tape................................................................................ 152
4.2.18 IM7 12k/8551-7A unidirectional tape ........................................................................... 163
4.2.19 AS4 3k/3501-6 5-harness satin weave fabric .............................................................. 164
4.2.20 AS4 3k/3501-6 5-harness satin weave fabric .............................................................. 173
4.2.21 IM6 3501-6 unidirectional tape .................................................................................... 181
4.2.22 IM7 12k/8552 unidirectional tape................................................................................. 181
4.2.23 T300 3k/977-2 plain weave fabric................................................................................ 181
4.2.24 T-300 3k/977-2 8-harness satin weave fabric.............................................................. 181
4.2.25 IM7 12k/977-2 unidirectional tape................................................................................ 181
4.2.26 AS4 6k/PR500 5-harness satin weave fabric .............................................................. 182
4.2.27 T300 3k/EA9396 8-harness satin weave fabric ........................................................... 205
4.2.28 AS4 12k/997 unidirectional tape.................................................................................. 215
4.2.29 T650-35 12k/976 unidirectional tape ........................................................................... 227
4.2.30 IM7 12k/PR381 unidirectional tape.............................................................................. 235
4.2.31 IM7 6k/PR500 4-harness satin weave fabric ............................................................... 235
4.2.32 T650-35 3k/976 8-harness satin weave fabric............................................................. 235
4.2.33 T700S 12k/3900-2 plain weave fabric ......................................................................... 243
4.2.34 T800HB 12k/3900-2 unidirectional tape ...................................................................... 249
4.2.35 T650-35 3k/976 plain weave fabric.............................................................................. 255
4.3 CARBON - POLYESTER COMPOSITES .............................................................................. 263
4.4 CARBON - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES.......................................................................... 263
4.4.1 T-300 3k/F650 unidirectional tape ............................................................................... 264
4.4.2 T-300 3k/F650 8-harness satin weave fabric............................................................... 269
4.4.3 T-300 3k/F652 8-harness satin weave fabric............................................................... 274
4.4.4 AS4/5250-3 unidirectional tape.................................................................................... 279
4.4.5 IM7 6k/5250-4 RTM 4-harness satin weave fabric ...................................................... 291
4.4.6 T650-35 3k/5250-4 8-harness satin weave fabric ....................................................... 291
4.4.7 T650-35 3k/5250-4 plain weave fabric ........................................................................ 291
4.5 CARBON - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES ................................................................................ 292
4.5.1 Celion 3000/F670 8-harness satin weave fabric ......................................................... 293
4.6 CARBON - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES................................................................................. 302
4.7 CARBON - SILICONE COMPOSITES................................................................................... 302
4.8 CARBON - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES............................................................. 302
4.9 CARBON - PEEK COMPOSITES.......................................................................................... 302
4.9.1 IM6 12k/APC-2 unidirectional tape .............................................................................. 302
4.10 CARBON – CYANATE ESTER COMPOSITES..................................................................... 314
4.10.1 M55J 6k/954-3 unidirectional tape............................................................................... 314
REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................ 320
CHAPTER 5 ARAMID FIBER COMPOSITES...................................................................................... 1
5.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
5.2 ARAMID - EPOXY COMPOSITES............................................................................................. 1
5.3 ARAMID - POLYESTER COMPOSITES.................................................................................... 1
5.4 ARAMID - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES ............................................................................... 1
5.5 ARAMID - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES...................................................................................... 1
5.6 ARAMID - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES ...................................................................................... 1
5.7 ARAMID - SILICON COMPOSITES .......................................................................................... 1
5.8 ARAMID - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES .................................................................. 1
5.9 ARAMID - PEEK COMPOSITES ............................................................................................... 1
CHAPTER 6 GLASS FIBER COMPOSITES........................................................................................ 1
6.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
6.2 GLASS\EPOXY COMPOSITES.................................................................................................1
6.2.1 S2-449 43k/SP381 unidirectional tape ............................................................................ 1
6.2.2 S2-449 17k/SP 381 unidirectional tape ......................................................................... 15
6.2.3 7781G 816/PR381 plain weave fabric ........................................................................... 29
6.2.4 E-Glass 7781/EA9396 8-harness satin weave fabric ................................................... 35
6.3 GLASS - POLYESTER COMPOSITES.................................................................................... 45
6.4 GLASS - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES ............................................................................... 45
6.5 GLASS - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES...................................................................................... 45
6.6 GLASS - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES ...................................................................................... 45
6.7 GLASS - SILICONE COMPOSITES........................................................................................ 45
6.8 GLASS - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES .................................................................. 45
6.9 GLASS - PEEK COMPOSITES ............................................................................................... 45
CHAPTER 7 BORON FIBER COMPOSITES....................................................................................... 1
7.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
7.2 BORON - EPOXY COMPOSITES ............................................................................................. 1
7.3 BORON - POLYESTER COMPOSITES .................................................................................... 1
7.4 BORON - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES................................................................................ 1
7.5 BORON - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES ...................................................................................... 1
7.6 BORON - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES ....................................................................................... 1
7.7 BORON - SILICON COMPOSITES ........................................................................................... 1
7.8 BORON - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES ................................................................... 1
7.9 BORON - PEEK COMPOSITES................................................................................................ 1
CHAPTER 8 ALUMINA FIBER COMPOSITES ................................................................................... 1
8.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
8.2 ALUMINA - EPOXY COMPOSITES........................................................................................... 1
8.3 ALUMINA - POLYESTER COMPOSITES.................................................................................. 1
8.4 ALUMINA - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES ............................................................................. 1
8.5 ALUMINA - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES.................................................................................... 1
8.6 ALUMINA - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES..................................................................................... 1
8.7 ALUMINA - SILICON COMPOSITES......................................................................................... 1
8.8 ALUMINA - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES................................................................. 1
8.9 ALUMINA - PEEK COMPOSITES.............................................................................................. 1
CHAPTER 9 SILICON CARBIDE FIBER COMPOSITES.................................................................... 1
9.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
9.2 SILICON CARBIDE - EPOXY COMPOSITES........................................................................... 1
9.3 SILICON CARBIDE - POLYESTER COMPOSITES.................................................................. 1
9.4 SILICON CARBIDE - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES.............................................................. 1
9.5 SILICON CARBIDE - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES.................................................................... 1
9.6 SILICON CARBIDE - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES..................................................................... 1
9.7 SILICON CARBIDE - SILICON COMPOSITES......................................................................... 1
9.8 SILICON CARBIDE - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES................................................. 1
9.9 SILICON CARBIDE - PEEK COMPOSITES.............................................................................. 1
CHAPTER 10 QUARTZ FIBER COMPOSITES..................................................................................... 1
10.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 1
10.2 QUARTZ - EPOXY COMPOSITES............................................................................................ 1
10.3 QUARTZ - POLYESTER COMPOSITES................................................................................... 1
10.4 QUARTZ - BISMALEIMIDE COMPOSITES .............................................................................. 1
10.4.1 Astroquartz II/F650 8-harness satin weave fabric ........................................................... 2
10.5 QUARTZ - POLYIMIDE COMPOSITES..................................................................................... 6
10.6 QUARTZ - PHENOLIC COMPOSITES...................................................................................... 6
10.7 QUARTZ - SILICONE COMPOSITES ....................................................................................... 6
10.8 QUARTZ - POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE COMPOSITES.................................................................. 6
10.9 QUARTZ - PEEK COMPOSITE................................................................................................. 6
APPENDIX A1. MIL-HDBK-17A DATA.................................................................................................... 1
A1.1 GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................................................................................ 1
A1.2 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................... 2
A1.3 HANDBOOK TEST PROGRAM................................................................................................. 2
A1.3.1 Objectives ........................................................................................................................ 2
A1.3.2 Preimpregnated materials................................................................................................ 2
A1.3.3 Test panels....................................................................................................................... 2
A1.3.4 Test procedures ............................................................................................................... 3
A1.3.4.1 Tensile tests ................................................................................................3
A1.3.4.2 Compression tests ......................................................................................3
A1.3.4.3 Shear tests..................................................................................................3
A1.3.4.4 Interlaminar shear .......................................................................................3
A1.3.4.5 Flexural tests...............................................................................................3
A1.3.4.6 Bearing strength..........................................................................................3
A1.3.5 Dry conditioning ............................................................................................................... 3
A1.3.6 Wet conditioning .............................................................................................................. 4
A1.3.7 Test schedule................................................................................................................... 4
A1.4 DATA PRESENTATION.............................................................................................................. 4
A1.4.1 Epoxy-fiberglass laminates.............................................................................................. 4
A1.4.2 Phenolic-fiberglass laminates.......................................................................................... 4
A1.4.3 Silicone-fiberglass laminates ........................................................................................... 4
A1.4.4 Polyester-fiberglass laminates......................................................................................... 4
A1.4.5 Boron-epoxy laminates .................................................................................................... 5
REFERENCES .................................................................................................................................. 72

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