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### Calculating Assembly Torque per ISO 68 & ISO 724

Engineering Torque Design and Equations

Calculating Assembly Torque per ISO 68 & ISO 724:

The following assumes a metric thread form according to ISO 68-1 ISO general purpose screw threads -- Basic profile -- Part 1: Metric screw threads  and  ISO 724 ISO general-purpose metric screw threads -- Basic dimensions.  Also, it is assumed that all assembly torque is used to overcome friction and develop joint preload, so the joint members must be elastic and there must not be any prevailing torque.

MA = FM (0.16 · P + 0.58 · d2 · μG + μK · DKm/2)

where

MA is the assembly torque in N m
FM is the preload in kN
P is the pitch in mm
d2 is the pitch diameter in mm
μG is the thread friction coefficient
μK is the bearing friction coefficient
DKm = (dw +dh)/2
dw is the bearing surface outer diameter in mm
dh is the hole diameter in mm

The target preload FM usually is chosen as a certain percentage of the screw yield stress.

FM = ν · σM · A0

where

ν is the percentage of yield stress chosen (90% is standard)
σM is stress due to combined tension and torsion
A0 is the relevant shank cross-sectional area (Full, reduced, or threaded shank)

σM = Rp0.2 / [1 + 3(3/2 · d2/d0 · {P/(π · d2) + 1.115 μG})2]0.5

where

Rp0.2 is the screw yield stress
d0 is the diameter corresponding to A0
π = 3.141 592 654