Electrical Ground Meter Review

Electronic Electrical Devices | Electronic Electrical Components

D'Arsonval Movement Meter

A electrical ground meter is an instrument which is used to detect conductor insulation resistance to ground. An ohm meter, or a series of lights, can be used to detect the insulation strength of an ungrounded distribution system. Most power distribution systems in use today are of the grounded variety; however, some ungrounded systems still exist.

In the ohm meter method illustrated below, a DC voltage is applied to the conductor. If a leakage path exists between the conductor insulator and ground, a current will flow through the ground to the ohm meter proportional to the insulation resistance of the conductor.

Ohm Meter Method

Ohm Meter Method

In the ground detector lamp method (shown below), a set of three lamps connected through transformers to the system is used. To check for grounds, the switch is closed and the brilliance of the lamps is observed. If the lamps are equally bright, no ground exists and all the lamps receive the same voltage. If any one lamp is dark, and the other two lamps are brighter, the phase in which the darkened lamp is in is grounded. In this case, the primary winding of the transformer is shorted to ground and receives no voltage.

Ground Detector Lamp Method

Ground Detector Lamp Method

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