Common Aluminum Die Casting Alloys

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Note: The chart below gives typical mechanical characteristics for selected properties. For all critical applications, verify to the applicable industry or requisite material / aluminum standard.

The materials table given below displays the mechanical properties of some common aluminum casting alloys. The properties shown for the alloys were obtained from ASTM, SAE and federal specifications for sand, permanent mold and diecasting. Chemical composition limits are for standard foundry alloy ingot, percent maximum, unless shown as a range.

Sand = Sand Casting and PM = Permanent Mold Casting

Alloy Casting Process & Temper
Minimum Mechanical Properties
Typical Brinell Hardness
(500 kgf load, 10-mm ball)
Tensile Strength (ksi)
Elongation In 2 inches (%)
Ultimate Yield
201.0 T7 60.0 50.0 3.0
110–140
204.0 T4 45.0 28.0 6.0
208.0 F 19.0 12.0 1.5
40–70
222.0 O 23.0
65–95
T61 30.0
100–130
242.0 Sand - O 27.0 18 1.0
70
PM - T571 40.0 34.0 1
105
PM - T61 47.0 42.0 0.5
110
Sand - T77 24.0 13.0 1.0
75
Sand - F 24.0 13.0 < 0.5
-
Sand - T75 31.0 13.0 < 0.5
-
295.0 T4 29.0 - 2.0
75
T6 32.0 20.0 3.0
60–90
T62 36.0 28.0
80–110
T7 29.0 16.0 3.0
55–85
308.0 PM-F 28.0 16.0 2.0
70
319.0 Sand - F 27.0 18.0 2.0
70
Sand - T5 30.0 26.0 1.5
65–95
Sand - T6 36.0 24.0

2.0

80
PM - F 34.0 19.0 2.5
85
328.0 F 25.0 14.0 1.0
45–75
T6 34.0 21.0 1.0
65–95
354.0 b
355.0 T51 25.0 18.0
50–80
T6 32.0 20.0 2.0
70–105
T7 35.0
70–100
T71 30.0 22.0
60–95
C355.0 T6 36.0 25.0 2.5
75–105
356.0 Sand - F 24.0 18.0 6.0
Sand - T51 25.0 20.0 2.0
60
Sand - T6 33.0 24.0 3.5
70
Sand - T7 34.0 30.0 2.0
75
Sand - T71 28.0 21.0 3.5
60
A356.0 Sand - F 23.0 12.0 6.0
Sand - T51 25.0 18.0 3.0
Sand - T6 40.0 30.0 6.0
75
Sand - T71 30.0 20.0 3.0
PM - F 27.0 13.0 5.0
PM - T51 27.0 20.0 2.0
PM - T6 38.0 27.0 2.0
80
PM - T71 32.0 24.0 6.0
70
A380.0 Die - F 48.0 24.0 3
21
A390.0 PM - F & T5 29.0 29.0 < 1
110
PM - T6 45.0 45.0 < 1
145
PM - T7 38.0 38.0 < 1
120
Sand - F & T5 26.0 26.0 < 1
100
Sand - T6 40.0 40.0 < 1
140
Sand - T7 36.0 36.0 < 1
115
443.0 F 17.0 7.0 3.0
25–55
B443.0 F 17.0 6.0 3.0
25–55
512.0 F 17.0 10.0
35–65
514.0 F 22.0 9.0 6.0
35–65
520.0 T4c 42.0 22.0 12.0
60–90
535.0 Sand - F or T5 35.0 18.0 9.0
60–90
705.0 F or T5 30.0 17.0 5.0
50–80
707.0 T5 33.0 22.0 2.0
70–100
T7 37.0 30.0 1.0
65–95
710.0 F or T5 32.0 20.0 2.0
60–90
712.0 Sand F or T5 34.0 25.0 4.0
60–90
713.0 F or T5 32.0 22.0 3.0
60–90
771.0 T5 42.0 38.0 1.5
85–115
T51 32.0 27.0 3.0
70–100
T52 36.0 30.0 1.5
70–100
T53 36.0 27.0 1.5
T6 42.0 35.0 5.0
75–105
T71 48.0 45.0 2.0
105–135
850.0 T5 16.0 5.0
30–60
851.0 T5 17.0 3.0
30–60
852.0 T5 24.0 18.0
45–75

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