Hydraulic and Pneumatic Knowledge
Fluid Power Equipment
Basic Hydraulic Open Center Series / Parallel Connection System Schematic
Illustrated below, shows a variation on the series-connected type. Oil from the pump is routed through the control valves in series, as well as in parallel. The valves are sometimes stacked to allow for extra passages. In neutral, a liquid passes through the valves in series, as the arrows indicate. However, when any valve is operating, the return is closed and the oil is available to all the valves through the parallel connection. When two or more valves are operated at once, the cylinder that needs the least pressure will operate first, then the cylinder with the next least, and so on. This ability to operate two or more valves simultaneously is an advantage over the series connection.
Open-center system with a series/parallel