Thermal Conductivity of Liquids

Heat Transfer Engineering and Design

This table gives the thermal conductivity of some common liquids at temperatures between -25 and 100 °C. All values are given in units of watts per meter kelvin (W/m K). Values refer to nominal atmospheric pressure (about 100 kPa); when an entry is given at a temperature above the normal boiling point of the substance, the pressure is understood to be the saturation vapor pressure at that temperature.

Substances are arranged by molecular formula in the modified Hill order, with compounds not containing carbon preceding those that do contain carbon.

The values for water, benzene, toluene, heptane, and dimethyl phthalate are particularly well determined and can be used for calibration purposes.

Molecular Thermal conductivity in W/m K

MF

Name

-25 ° C

0 ° C

25 ° C

50 ° C

75 ° C

100 ° C

Cl 4 Si

Silicon tetrachloride

-

-

0.099

0.096

-

-

H2O

Water

-

0.5610

0.6071

0.6435

0.6668

0.6791

Hg

Mercury

7.25

7.77

8.25

8.68

9.07

9.43

CCl 4

Tetrachloromethane

-

0.104

0.099

0.093

0.088

-

CS 2

Carbon disulfide

-

0.154

0.149

-

-

-

CHCl 3

Trichloromethane

0.127

0.122

0.117

0.112

0.107

0.102

CH 2 Br 2

Dibromomethane

0.120

0.114

0.108

0.103

0.097

-

CH 4 O

Methanol

0.214

0.207

0.200

0.193

-

-

C 2 Cl 4

Tetrachloroethylene

-

0.117

0.110

0.104

0.097

0.091

C 2 HCl 3

Trichloroethylene

0.133

0.124

0.116

0.108

0.100

-

C 2 H 3 Cl 3

1,1,1-Trichloroethane

-

0.106

0.101

0.096

-

-

C 2 H 3 N

Acetonitrile

0.208

0.198

0.188

0.178

0.168

-

C 2 H 4 O 2

Acetic acid

-

-

0.158

0.153

0.149

0.144

C 2 H 5 Cl

Chloroethane

0.145

0.132

0.119

0.106

0.093

 

C 2 H 5 NO

N -Methylformamide

-

-

0.203

0.201

0.199

0.196

C 2 H 6 O

Ethanol

-

0.176

0.169

0.162

-

-

C 2 H 6 O 2

Ethylene glycol

-

0.256

0.256

0.256

0.256

0.256

C 2 H 7 NO

Ethanolamine

-

-

0.299

0.286

0.274

0.261

C 3 H 5 ClO

Epichlorohydrin

0.142

0.137

0.131

0.125

0.119

0.114

C 3 H 6 O

Acetone

-

0.169

0.161

-

-

-

C 3 H 6 O 2

Methyl acetate

0.174

0.164

0.153

0.143

0.133

0.122

C 3 H 7 NO

N,N -Dimethylformamide

-

-

0.184

0.178

0.171

0.165

C 3 H 8 O

1-Propanol

0.162

0.158

0.154

0.149

0.145

0.141

C 3 H 8 O

2-Propanol

0.146

0.141

0.135

0.129

0.124

0.118

C 3 H 8 O 2

1,2-Propanediol

-

0.202

0.200

0.199

0.198

0.197

C 3 H 8 O 3

Glycerol

-

-

0.292

0.295

0.297

0.300

C 3 H 9 N

Trimethylamine

0.143

0.133

-

-

-

-

C 4 H 4 O

Furan

0.142

0.134

0.126

-

-

-

C 4 H 4 S

Thiophene

-

-

0.199

0.195

0.191

0.186

C 4 H 6

2-Butyne

0.137

0.129

0.121

-

-

-

C 4 H 8 O

2-Butanone

0.158

0.151

0.145

0.139

0.133

-

C 4 H 8 O

Tetrahydrofuran

0.132

0.126

0.120

0.114

-

-

C 4 H 8 O 2

1,4-Dioxane

-

-

0.159

0.147

0.135

0.123

C 4 H 8 O 2

Ethyl acetate

0.162

0.153

0.144

0.135

0.126

-

C 4 H 10 O

1-Butanol

-

0.158

0.154

0.149

-

-

C 4 H 10 O

Diethyl ether

0.150

0.140

0.130

0.120

0.110

0.100

C 5 H 5 N

Pyridine

-

0.169

0.165

0.161

0.158

-

C 5 H 8

Cyclopentene

0.143

0.136

0.129

-

-

-

C 5 H 10

1-Pentene

0.131

0.124

0.116

-

-

-

C 5 H 10

Cyclopentane

0.140

0.133

0.126

-

-

-

C 5 H 12

Pentane

0.132

0.122

0.113

0.103

0.095

0.087

C 5 H 12 O

1-Pentanol

-

0.157

0.153

0.149

0.145

-

C 6 H 5 Cl

Chlorobenzene

0.136

0.131

0.127

0.122

0.117

0.112

REFERENCES
1. Daubert, T. E., Danner, R. P., Sibul, H. M., and Stebbins, C. C., Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Compounds: Data Compilation, extant 1994 (core with 4 supplements), Taylor & Francis, Bristol, PA (also available as database).
2. Marsh, K. N., Ed., Recommended Reference Materials for the Realization of Physicochemical Properties, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1987.

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